Afghan peace vital for new US-Pak relations
By M M Ali
Pakistanis probably don’t want to hear that Imran Khan is their Donald Trump wrote the Time on July
Comparing Imran Khan’s victory in
Was it only for similarities that Trump invited Khan to visit the US in June and then delayed till July 22 for the latter’s preoccupation in budget session – a rare instance for any Pakistani ruler of the recent past?
Designating the Baloch Liberation Army as a terror organization, ahead of Khan’s visit
But the opposition parties in Pakistan, the leaders of which reigned in Pakistan for over three decades and are either convicted or accused in billions of dollars corruption scam and charges of money laundering, are trying to heat up the ground protesting over various issues ranging from freedom of speech, manipulation of judiciary by the government to ostracize the opposition besides the price hike of essentials
Khan’s bumpy ride on US-Pak relations
US secretary of state Mike Pompeo in an interview with CNBC television in July last year said that there was ‘no rationale’ for a bailout package for Pakistan that pays off Chinese loans.
Whether for harsh US
Evidentlyreflecting it during last year’s July 25 elections in Pakistan –that saw
Arow began with Trump’s interview to Fox
Giving reasons for ending a
Prime Minister Khan then led a sharp reaction to Trump’s tirade against Pakistan by hinting at
Pakistan had suffered 75,000 casualties and lost $123 billion as against USD 20 billion in aid during the 18 year US war in Afghanistan, PM Khan reminded
Trump concedes and seeks help from Pakistan
Trump also sought Pakistan’s ‘assistance and facilitation in achieving a negotiated settlement of the Afghan war’.The US wanted Islamabad’s influence to persuade the Taliban to hold direct talks with the Afghan government.
Moscow and Beijingkeen about Afghanistan’s conflict resolution brought all the stakeholders on the negotiating table.
Afghan Peace Process in Doha
With Pakistan’s active collaboration and
Taliban and influential Afghans, including government officials, agreed on a ‘roadmap for peace’ that could hasten the end of the 18-year war.
A statement issued after the dialogue called for an end to civilian casualties and the protection of women’s rights within an ‘Islamic framework’.The non-binding agreement comes as the US and
Both sides hoped to reach an agreement that would see US troops pull out in return for a commitment that Afghanistan would not be used as a base for terrorism
The Beijing statement asks for ceasefire
Analyzing the outcome of the Afghan peace process in Doha a meeting of the representatives of the ‘US, China, Russia
The joint statement published in the Business Line on July 13,
‘This framework should guarantee the orderly and responsible transition of the security situation and detail an agreement on a future inclusive political arrangement acceptable to all Afghans,’ it said.
The US, Russia, China
US stance on Afghanistan changing
Considering geographical proximity, strategic location and its involvement otherwise, Trump probably realized ignoring Pakistan will neither help him end the war nor will allow the withdrawal of troops.
Viable progress or some achievement
Will not involvement of Russia, China, Iran
Donald Trump probably came to a conclusion that the solution of Afghan problem lied in its approach – and looking at it through a parochial prism may not deliver goods.
Ignoring the establishment, Trump has visibly shifted from US’ official perception that
Afghanistan: the deadliest of all global conflict
The war in Afghanistan is now the deadliest conflict in the world, causing more casualties than the fighting in Syria, Libya or Yemen, according to reports in the world media.
US President Donald Trump is keen to end the war, which, according to US officials, costs about $45bn (£34bn) annually. His indication to withdraw most or all of his 14,000 forces in the near future caught everyone by surprise, including the Taliban.
In January, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani said more than 45,000 members of the country’s security forces had been killed since he became
In February, the UN said civilian deaths reached a record high in 2018. It said more than 32,000 civilians had in total been killed in the past decade
Media pundits and political analysts – having knowledge of bureaucratic operation in both Pakistan and US – seem to agree that the outcome of the visit will depend on how their personal chemistry develops during the meeting at the oval office.
They say, American policymakers and analysts acknowledge his appeal but dismiss his political significance. Khan’s sympathetic rhetoric toward Taliban that earned him the nickname Taliban Khan is noted with concern by them.
But both Khan and Trump are equally blunt in their political speech and fearless of the implications of it. They are impulsive and brash, former celebrities turned politicians.
North Korea, identified as the biggest foreign policy challenge for its growing nuclear ambition and missile arsenals for the US, in little less than three years Trump tenure
But if Khan can appeal to Donald Trump, it might not matter that the lower ranks are not talking to each other.
Rankings in US visits
Prime Minister Imran Khan is going to the United States on an official working visit, which includes a meeting with the US president at the White House.
This will, however, not be a state visit as those are only for the head of state — presidents and monarchs — and not for the head of government, such as a prime minister.
State visits are very rare, only a handful in a US president’s four-year tenure.
The US State Department ranks the visits by foreign leaders into five categories: state visit, official visit, official working visit, working visit, and private visit.
State Visit: Highest ranking visit offered only to a chief of state at the invitation of the US president. This category guest is offered a room at Blair House for four days and three nights, the president’s official guest house, located within walking distance of the White House.
A state visit includes a meeting with the US president, a state dinner at the White House, a full
Gifts may be exchanged and spouses can attend the ceremonies and dinners. Press availability and photo opportunities are plentiful.
The guest receives a full
The guest is entitled to a meeting with the president, followed by a working luncheon at the White House.
A dinner or reception is possible, but not necessary. There is no ceremony upon arrival and departure. The press is usually granted some photo opportunities and occasionally there is a press conference. There is no gift exchange and spouses do not attend the luncheon.
Working Visit: extended to a chief of state or head of government at the invitation of the US president and includes a meeting with the president at the White
There is no gift exchange and spouses do not attend the event.
Blair House is not offered and spouses do not attend the session. There is no gift exchange and no official press availability, although photo opportunities may be possible.
During a state or official visit, the visiting head of state or chief of government is often invited to address a joint meeting of the US Congress.
During a ‘state visit’, lamp posts on Pennsylvania Avenue are decorated with the visiting state’s flag, as well as that of the United States and the District of Columbia.
The flag of the visiting state is also displayed over the East Executive Avenue entrance to the Eisenhower Executive Building.
Gen Pervez Musharraf has had the highest number of meetings with US presidents: nine, including those during the UN General Assembly in New York. All his visits to Washington were either ‘official working’ or ‘working’ visits. He never got a state or an official visit.
Nawaz Sharif had six meetings with US presidents, including three official working visits and one working visit.
Sharif never had an official visit