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Russian civilian submarine will survey Arctic

Russia is developing a gigantic new submarine in the hopes of exploiting previously untapped natural resources and undertaking scientific research in the Arctic Circle.
TWICE the size of the world’s largest commercial passenger jet, a gigantic nuclear-propelled new research submarine designed by Russia will travel underneath ice floes, mapping its underwater surroundings with a pair of huge plane-like wings. The sub will help Moscow exploit its Arctic frontier as it prepares to harvest previously untouchable natural resources. 
The vessel will be the largest civilian submersible ever constructed and will be fuelled by a nuclear reactor. 
It is designed to conduct surveys using very low frequency active sonar which can penetrate the sea floor. 
This will allow the Arctic Research Submarine to make images of its surroundings in every direction,
Russia is hoping to find mineral and energy resources in areas of the Arctic that are being uncovered by global warming and melting ice.
Russia is hoping to find mineral and energy resources in areas of the Arctic that are being uncovered by global warming and melting ice.The government has laid claim to large parts of the North Pole and Arctic circle in recent years.
The record for the world’s longest submarine has been held by the massive Soviet-era Typhoon class for nearly the last four decades. That is about to change as Russia’s currently under construction arctic “research” submarine, which is a highly modified variant of the Oscar II class of nuclear-powered guided missile subs, will be lengthened from 505 feet to (roughly) an even more impressive 604 feet. The Typhoon boats, of which just one remains in limited service, have a length of 574 feet.
The Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin” is among the world’s key submarine developers and the leading submarine designer in Russia. The government has laid claim to large parts of the North Pole and Arctic circle in recent years.
The submarine’s wingspan will be 330 feet (100 meters) and it will be able to reach a maximum speed of 12.6 knots, with a cruising speed of around 3 knots
The vessel will be the largest civilian submersible ever constructed and will be fuelled by a nuclear reactor. 
Construction is due to begin in 2020. 
It is designed to conduct surveys using very low frequency active sonar which can penetrate the sea floor. 
It has been compared by one expert to the Airbus A380, the world’s largest passenger airliner, which is roughly half its size.
This is largely due to the presence of two sets of wing-like sonar receivers that will retract into the ship’s hull. 
The Arctic Research Submarine was designed by the famous Rubin Design Bureau, which was also responsible for the Typhoon-class missile submarines, the largest subs ever built. This vessel will weigh in at 13,280 tons, making easily the largest civilian research submersible ever built, and will be 442 feet long. The sub will have a maximum speed of 12.6 knots and a crew of 40.
The most striking detail is the presence of two sets of wing-like sonar receivers that give the sub a futuristic appearance. The “wings,” which retract into the hull like the blade of a pocket knife, are meant to receive sonar signals broadcast from the ship’s hull. This allows the Arctic Research Submarine to image its surroundings in all directions as it cruises along underwater at a leisurely 3 knots.
H.I. Sutton, the analyst behind the Covert Shores submarine web site and book of the same name, says about the sub: “From analysis of the model displayed by the design bureau, the wing structures are close to 165 feet (50 meters) long, so it will have a wingspan of about 330 feet (100 meters). This is much greater than any aircraft that has ever flown.” A graphic made by Sutton  shows the submarine will have an even greater “wingspan” than an Airbus A380 jumbo jet.
Sutton doesn’t believe the wings have any hydrodynamic use, however. “It is unlikely that the wings will be used to generate lift like an aircraft. That would be less efficient because it would have to constantly use its control surfaces to maintain a precise depth. This would also generate noise which could make the sonar less effective.”
Russia is eager to secure mineral and energy mining rights in the Arctic, in areas becoming more accessible as global warming reduces the amount of pack ice. Moscow has made bold underwater territorial claims in the Arctic extending past the traditional 200 mile Economic Exclusion Zone claimed by all countries, including parts of the North Pole. In 2007, Sutton points out, Russia used mini-submarines to plant its flag on the sea bed 14,000 feet beneath the North Pole.
—Internet

Comment

Russia is developing a gigantic new submarine in the hopes of exploiting previously untapped natural resources and undertaking scientific research in the Arctic Circle.
TWICE the size of the world’s largest commercial passenger jet, a gigantic nuclear-propelled new research submarine designed by Russia will travel underneath ice floes, mapping its underwater surroundings with a pair of huge plane-like wings. The sub will help Moscow exploit its Arctic frontier as it prepares to harvest previously untouchable natural resources. 
The vessel will be the largest civilian submersible ever constructed and will be fuelled by a nuclear reactor. 
It is designed to conduct surveys using very low frequency active sonar which can penetrate the sea floor. 
This will allow the Arctic Research Submarine to make images of its surroundings in every direction,
Russia is hoping to find mineral and energy resources in areas of the Arctic that are being uncovered by global warming and melting ice.
Russia is hoping to find mineral and energy resources in areas of the Arctic that are being uncovered by global warming and melting ice.The government has laid claim to large parts of the North Pole and Arctic circle in recent years.
The record for the world’s longest submarine has been held by the massive Soviet-era Typhoon class for nearly the last four decades. That is about to change as Russia’s currently under construction arctic “research” submarine, which is a highly modified variant of the Oscar II class of nuclear-powered guided missile subs, will be lengthened from 505 feet to (roughly) an even more impressive 604 feet. The Typhoon boats, of which just one remains in limited service, have a length of 574 feet.
The Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering “Rubin” is among the world’s key submarine developers and the leading submarine designer in Russia. The government has laid claim to large parts of the North Pole and Arctic circle in recent years.
The submarine’s wingspan will be 330 feet (100 meters) and it will be able to reach a maximum speed of 12.6 knots, with a cruising speed of around 3 knots
The vessel will be the largest civilian submersible ever constructed and will be fuelled by a nuclear reactor. 
Construction is due to begin in 2020. 
It is designed to conduct surveys using very low frequency active sonar which can penetrate the sea floor. 
It has been compared by one expert to the Airbus A380, the world’s largest passenger airliner, which is roughly half its size.
This is largely due to the presence of two sets of wing-like sonar receivers that will retract into the ship’s hull. 
The Arctic Research Submarine was designed by the famous Rubin Design Bureau, which was also responsible for the Typhoon-class missile submarines, the largest subs ever built. This vessel will weigh in at 13,280 tons, making easily the largest civilian research submersible ever built, and will be 442 feet long. The sub will have a maximum speed of 12.6 knots and a crew of 40.
The most striking detail is the presence of two sets of wing-like sonar receivers that give the sub a futuristic appearance. The “wings,” which retract into the hull like the blade of a pocket knife, are meant to receive sonar signals broadcast from the ship’s hull. This allows the Arctic Research Submarine to image its surroundings in all directions as it cruises along underwater at a leisurely 3 knots.
H.I. Sutton, the analyst behind the Covert Shores submarine web site and book of the same name, says about the sub: “From analysis of the model displayed by the design bureau, the wing structures are close to 165 feet (50 meters) long, so it will have a wingspan of about 330 feet (100 meters). This is much greater than any aircraft that has ever flown.” A graphic made by Sutton  shows the submarine will have an even greater “wingspan” than an Airbus A380 jumbo jet.
Sutton doesn’t believe the wings have any hydrodynamic use, however. “It is unlikely that the wings will be used to generate lift like an aircraft. That would be less efficient because it would have to constantly use its control surfaces to maintain a precise depth. This would also generate noise which could make the sonar less effective.”
Russia is eager to secure mineral and energy mining rights in the Arctic, in areas becoming more accessible as global warming reduces the amount of pack ice. Moscow has made bold underwater territorial claims in the Arctic extending past the traditional 200 mile Economic Exclusion Zone claimed by all countries, including parts of the North Pole. In 2007, Sutton points out, Russia used mini-submarines to plant its flag on the sea bed 14,000 feet beneath the North Pole.
—Internet

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US renewable energy production hits double digits
RENEWABLE energy technologies encompass a broad, diverse array of technologies, including solar photovoltaics, solar thermal power plants and heating/cooling systems, wind farms, hydroelectricity, geothermal power plants, and ocean power systems and the use of biomass.
US renewable power just hit an important milestone, as the percentage of the nation’s power coming from wind and solar just hit double digits for the first time. A new report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration reveals that 10 percent of the nation’s power was supplied by wind and solar in March.
America needs energy that is secure, reliable, improves public health, protects the environment, addresses climate change, creates jobs, and provides technological leadership. America needs renewable energy. If renewable energy is to be developed to its full potential, America will need coordinated, sustained federal and state policies that expand renewable energy markets; promote and deploy new technology; and provide appropriate opportunities to encourage renewable energy use in all critical energy market sectors: wholesale and distributed electricity generation, thermal energy applications, and transportation.
While 10 percent of the nation’s power might not seem like a lot, this is a significant milestone for renewable energy. Meeting this goal proves that wind and solar aren’t vanity projects, but are a real and important part of U.S. energy infrastructure.
It also demonstrates how far renewable energy has come in the last decade. In 2007, wind and solar generated less than 1 percent of the nation’s energy. Just ten years later, renewables are on the verge of outpacing coal and nuclear in the U.S. energy portfolio.
If this trend continues, we could easily hit 15 percent by 2020, and many cities and states are interested in seeing that happen. Several municipalities around the country are committed to getting all or most of their energy from renewable sources in the next decade, and several states like California and New York have promised to generate 50 percent of their energy from renewables by 2030. In a few years, energy from wind and solar might even be competing with natural gas as our country’s dominant energy source.
—Internet

Comment

RENEWABLE energy technologies encompass a broad, diverse array of technologies, including solar photovoltaics, solar thermal power plants and heating/cooling systems, wind farms, hydroelectricity, geothermal power plants, and ocean power systems and the use of biomass.
US renewable power just hit an important milestone, as the percentage of the nation’s power coming from wind and solar just hit double digits for the first time. A new report from the U.S. Energy Information Administration reveals that 10 percent of the nation’s power was supplied by wind and solar in March.
America needs energy that is secure, reliable, improves public health, protects the environment, addresses climate change, creates jobs, and provides technological leadership. America needs renewable energy. If renewable energy is to be developed to its full potential, America will need coordinated, sustained federal and state policies that expand renewable energy markets; promote and deploy new technology; and provide appropriate opportunities to encourage renewable energy use in all critical energy market sectors: wholesale and distributed electricity generation, thermal energy applications, and transportation.
While 10 percent of the nation’s power might not seem like a lot, this is a significant milestone for renewable energy. Meeting this goal proves that wind and solar aren’t vanity projects, but are a real and important part of U.S. energy infrastructure.
It also demonstrates how far renewable energy has come in the last decade. In 2007, wind and solar generated less than 1 percent of the nation’s energy. Just ten years later, renewables are on the verge of outpacing coal and nuclear in the U.S. energy portfolio.
If this trend continues, we could easily hit 15 percent by 2020, and many cities and states are interested in seeing that happen. Several municipalities around the country are committed to getting all or most of their energy from renewable sources in the next decade, and several states like California and New York have promised to generate 50 percent of their energy from renewables by 2030. In a few years, energy from wind and solar might even be competing with natural gas as our country’s dominant energy source.
—Internet

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Google plans to fight terror
GOOGLE is intensifying its campaign against online extremism, saying it will put more resources toward identifying and removing videos related to terrorism and hate groups.
The renewed efforts arrive in the wake of violent attacks in the U.S. and elsewhere. A van struck a crowd of people outside a London mosque, the second time an automobile was used as a weapon in that city this month, and less than a week after a gunman attacked GOP lawmakers on a baseball field.
“While we and others have worked for years to identify and remove content that violates our policies, the uncomfortable truth is that we, as an industry, must acknowledge that more needs to be done. Now,” Google said in a blog post.
Anti-hate groups like the Southern Poverty Law Center have been critical of Google and social media sites, saying that they have done little to curtail hate groups online.
Facebook and Google “have done little to counter the use of their platforms to spread hateful, false “information,” from conspiracy theories accusing various minority groups of plotting against America to websites promoting Holocaust denial and false “facts” about Islam, women, Mexicans and others, the organization said in a report earlier this year.
Google, along with other companies such as Facebook, Microsoft and Twitter, recently agreed to create an international forum to share and develop technology, support smaller businesses and speed up their joint efforts against online terrorism.
On the same day of the most recent attack in London, Google said it would escalate those efforts.
Google will nearly double the number of independent experts it uses to flag problematic content and expand its work with counter-extremist groups to help identify content that may be used to radicalize and recruit extremists.
It will also train more people to identify and remove extremist and terrorism-related content faster.
Google Inc. said it will also take a tougher stance on videos that don’t clearly violate its policies, like those that contain inflammatory religious or supremacist content. That content may still appear, but with a warning.
It is also increasing resources for engineering to identify extremist videos and teaming with Jigsaw to use targeted online advertising to reach potential Isis recruits and shift them toward anti-terrorist videos.
—Internet

Comment

GOOGLE is intensifying its campaign against online extremism, saying it will put more resources toward identifying and removing videos related to terrorism and hate groups.
The renewed efforts arrive in the wake of violent attacks in the U.S. and elsewhere. A van struck a crowd of people outside a London mosque, the second time an automobile was used as a weapon in that city this month, and less than a week after a gunman attacked GOP lawmakers on a baseball field.
“While we and others have worked for years to identify and remove content that violates our policies, the uncomfortable truth is that we, as an industry, must acknowledge that more needs to be done. Now,” Google said in a blog post.
Anti-hate groups like the Southern Poverty Law Center have been critical of Google and social media sites, saying that they have done little to curtail hate groups online.
Facebook and Google “have done little to counter the use of their platforms to spread hateful, false “information,” from conspiracy theories accusing various minority groups of plotting against America to websites promoting Holocaust denial and false “facts” about Islam, women, Mexicans and others, the organization said in a report earlier this year.
Google, along with other companies such as Facebook, Microsoft and Twitter, recently agreed to create an international forum to share and develop technology, support smaller businesses and speed up their joint efforts against online terrorism.
On the same day of the most recent attack in London, Google said it would escalate those efforts.
Google will nearly double the number of independent experts it uses to flag problematic content and expand its work with counter-extremist groups to help identify content that may be used to radicalize and recruit extremists.
It will also train more people to identify and remove extremist and terrorism-related content faster.
Google Inc. said it will also take a tougher stance on videos that don’t clearly violate its policies, like those that contain inflammatory religious or supremacist content. That content may still appear, but with a warning.
It is also increasing resources for engineering to identify extremist videos and teaming with Jigsaw to use targeted online advertising to reach potential Isis recruits and shift them toward anti-terrorist videos.
—Internet

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