Friday, September 21, 2018 LETTERS

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Water, energy and food safety issues

Dear Editor:
As we are aware food safety and quality has received attention in the agri-food sector and is the basis of all initiatives taken on different activity levels starting from farm to enterprises as a whole on regional, national, and international levels.
A hybrid of the ISO 9001, Quality Management System and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP), ISO 22000 has been developed as an international solution for improving the food safety. Instead of applying good manufacturing practices, HACCP and ISO 9001:2000 separately, ISO 22000:2005 is implemented to observe the synergetic effect and to ensure food safety in food supply chain. ISO 22000 also known as Food Safety Management System (FSMS) is an international auditable standard. Standard ensures safe food supply throughout the chain and provide a framework of internationally harmonized system for the global approach. ISO 22000 incorporates critical control point and hazard analysis systems in more improved form to produce much effective auditable FSMS. This standard endorses conformity of services and products for international trading by assuring about reliability, food quality, and food safety.
This refers to the article “Integral role of mountains: Water, energy, food safety are global concerns” written by Dr. Aditi Mukherji, Theme Leader of Water and Air at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu. . In her well argued article she has shown how power generated through hydropower schemes upstream can be used to exploit groundwater and bring down groundwater levels in the summer season and then the aquifer storage can be effectively recharged using monsoon flow. Again, this requires an integrated approach where surface and groundwater are co-managed.
Besides, there is the issue of water, food, and energy security at a local scale in mountain regions. This calls for local solutions.  Solar pumps are increasingly used in the mountains to transport water up from streams to settlements, which are often located on ridges high above deep river gorges, for household use.
The Himalayan river systems, as she wrote, play a significant role in downstream agriculture and food security in South Asia. The global community must look to mountains to resolve issues of energy, water, and food security, and to help people cope.
To date, the conservation efforts of mountain people remain unrewarded, yet we have all reaped the benefits. Institutional mechanisms need to be established and strengthened to secure payment and reward mechanisms for mountain ecosystems services including surface and groundwater, water storage, and others relating to energy and food security. What happens to the mountains is of global concern – whether or not there will be enough food and energy for all will depend in part on what happens in mountain regions.
K M Abul Hasnat
Sadarghat, Chittagong

Comment

Dear Editor:
As we are aware food safety and quality has received attention in the agri-food sector and is the basis of all initiatives taken on different activity levels starting from farm to enterprises as a whole on regional, national, and international levels.
A hybrid of the ISO 9001, Quality Management System and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP), ISO 22000 has been developed as an international solution for improving the food safety. Instead of applying good manufacturing practices, HACCP and ISO 9001:2000 separately, ISO 22000:2005 is implemented to observe the synergetic effect and to ensure food safety in food supply chain. ISO 22000 also known as Food Safety Management System (FSMS) is an international auditable standard. Standard ensures safe food supply throughout the chain and provide a framework of internationally harmonized system for the global approach. ISO 22000 incorporates critical control point and hazard analysis systems in more improved form to produce much effective auditable FSMS. This standard endorses conformity of services and products for international trading by assuring about reliability, food quality, and food safety.
This refers to the article “Integral role of mountains: Water, energy, food safety are global concerns” written by Dr. Aditi Mukherji, Theme Leader of Water and Air at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu. . In her well argued article she has shown how power generated through hydropower schemes upstream can be used to exploit groundwater and bring down groundwater levels in the summer season and then the aquifer storage can be effectively recharged using monsoon flow. Again, this requires an integrated approach where surface and groundwater are co-managed.
Besides, there is the issue of water, food, and energy security at a local scale in mountain regions. This calls for local solutions.  Solar pumps are increasingly used in the mountains to transport water up from streams to settlements, which are often located on ridges high above deep river gorges, for household use.
The Himalayan river systems, as she wrote, play a significant role in downstream agriculture and food security in South Asia. The global community must look to mountains to resolve issues of energy, water, and food security, and to help people cope.
To date, the conservation efforts of mountain people remain unrewarded, yet we have all reaped the benefits. Institutional mechanisms need to be established and strengthened to secure payment and reward mechanisms for mountain ecosystems services including surface and groundwater, water storage, and others relating to energy and food security. What happens to the mountains is of global concern – whether or not there will be enough food and energy for all will depend in part on what happens in mountain regions.
K M Abul Hasnat
Sadarghat, Chittagong


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