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A tale of an overenthusiastic AL leader
A. M. K. Chowdhury
 
There are some overenthusiastic persons in the Awami League (AL). They desire to be in the good book of their leader.
According to a newspaper report Barisal district religious affairs secretary of the AL and President of Barisal Lawyers’ Association Obaidullah Saju filed a Tk. 5 crore defamation case with Barisal Chief Metropolitan (CMM) court on June 7 against Gazi Tareq Salmon, Barguna Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO) on charge of publishing a ‘distorted photo’ of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the invitation card issued on the occasion of Independence Day while he was UNO of Agailjhara upazila. The court took the case into cognizance and summoned Gazi Tareq Salmon to appear at the court by July 27.  Accordingly, Tareq Salmon appeared in the court on July 19 and submitted bail petition. At first the court did not grant bail and ordered to send him jail.  But after two hours he was granted bail.
 
The leader in trouble
H.T. Imam, political Adviser to the Prime minister (PM) said we are surprised to see this photo of Bangabandhu. The man who filed a case, we think, has done very hateful work.  Quoting Sheikh Hasina, he said the PM was surprised to see this photo. The PM said the officer who did it has done a very good job. The portrait drawn by a class V student and printed on the back of the invitation card was one of the winners of a competition of students organized on March 17 to mark Bangabandhus’ birth anniversary. (The Daily Naya Diganta, dated July 22, 2017)
While serving as the UNO of Agailjhara upazila of Barisal district Gazi Tareq Salmon used a drawing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by a class V student for the invitation card of the Independence Day celebrations.
The AL temporarily expelled Obaidullah Saju and issued a letter asking why he should not be permanently expelled from the party.
The PM regretted the matter while the issue was raised at the meeting. The PM said: “All have to be cautious as some people intrude into the party and embarrass the government.”  The AL President also urged the leaders to remain very alert the persons who are admitted into the party from other  parties.
AL General Secretary (GS) Obaidul Quader said, “Saju has been temporarily  expelled from the party as per the section 47 (Ka) of the party constitution.” He further said a letter has already been issued asking why he would not be permanently expelled from the party. (The Daily Observer, dated July 22, 2017)
 
UNO vindicated
Gazi Tareq Salmon said displeased with his administrative steps, an influential quarter has orchestrated the case. Salmon had expelled Piyal alias Al-Rajeen, a student of Gournadi College and son of former AL general secretary of Agailjhara upazila, on charge of cheating at the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) examination. The student was also given a six-month jail term by a mobile court as he engaged in an argument with Salmon.
The mobile court also sentenced a college staffer Chandra Sarker to two months jail over the incident and stripped a college lecturer of all exam-related responsibilities. Since then the AL leaders of Agailjhara became very angry with Tareq Salmon and he believes the case against him might be linked to the incident.
There is more to it. During Salmon’s tenure in Agailjhra he had refunded Tk. 7.9 million meant for a solar – panel project, but some influential people wanted to divert the money into their own projects.  They were not happy with the decision and also have supported the case, he said. The plaintiff of this case earned wealth worth crore of takas in nine years. (The Daily Naya Diganta and The Daily Observer, dated July 23, 2017)
Incidentally, a Barisal court quashed Tk.5 crore defamation case against UNO Tareq Salmon on July 23, 2017 filed by plaintiff Obaidullah Saju. The government has also removed Deputy Commissioners (DCs) of Barisal and Barguna over the harassment of UNO Tareq Rahman.  They have been withdrawn from their posts as punishment for dereliction of duties.
 
Collaborators punished too
In addition, six policemen, including three officers were withdrawn, who were on duty in Barisal court on that day. The Cabinet Division formed a five-member committee on July 22 to probe whether the lawsuit against UNO Salmon and the subsequent events broke the law. The committee will have to file its report within 15 days. (The Daily Observer, dated July 25, 2017)
After removal of the two DCs, law ministry made proposal to withdraw judge Mohammad Ali Hossain of Barisal CMM court who dealt with Tk. 5 crore defamation case against UNO Tareq Salmon on the day and transfer him to other places. (the Daily Naya Diganta, dated July 26, 2017).
It however, seems that mere expulsion of Saju from the AL is not an adequate punishment. Legal action should be taken against Saju for filing the false case. The Anti Corruption Commission (ACC) should initiate an investigation how could Saju earn so much wealth in nine years. This could serve others as an example of not to indulge in initiating such false complaints.

Comment

A. M. K. Chowdhury
 
There are some overenthusiastic persons in the Awami League (AL). They desire to be in the good book of their leader.
According to a newspaper report Barisal district religious affairs secretary of the AL and President of Barisal Lawyers’ Association Obaidullah Saju filed a Tk. 5 crore defamation case with Barisal Chief Metropolitan (CMM) court on June 7 against Gazi Tareq Salmon, Barguna Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO) on charge of publishing a ‘distorted photo’ of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the invitation card issued on the occasion of Independence Day while he was UNO of Agailjhara upazila. The court took the case into cognizance and summoned Gazi Tareq Salmon to appear at the court by July 27.  Accordingly, Tareq Salmon appeared in the court on July 19 and submitted bail petition. At first the court did not grant bail and ordered to send him jail.  But after two hours he was granted bail.
 
The leader in trouble
H.T. Imam, political Adviser to the Prime minister (PM) said we are surprised to see this photo of Bangabandhu. The man who filed a case, we think, has done very hateful work.  Quoting Sheikh Hasina, he said the PM was surprised to see this photo. The PM said the officer who did it has done a very good job. The portrait drawn by a class V student and printed on the back of the invitation card was one of the winners of a competition of students organized on March 17 to mark Bangabandhus’ birth anniversary. (The Daily Naya Diganta, dated July 22, 2017)
While serving as the UNO of Agailjhara upazila of Barisal district Gazi Tareq Salmon used a drawing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by a class V student for the invitation card of the Independence Day celebrations.
The AL temporarily expelled Obaidullah Saju and issued a letter asking why he should not be permanently expelled from the party.
The PM regretted the matter while the issue was raised at the meeting. The PM said: “All have to be cautious as some people intrude into the party and embarrass the government.”  The AL President also urged the leaders to remain very alert the persons who are admitted into the party from other  parties.
AL General Secretary (GS) Obaidul Quader said, “Saju has been temporarily  expelled from the party as per the section 47 (Ka) of the party constitution.” He further said a letter has already been issued asking why he would not be permanently expelled from the party. (The Daily Observer, dated July 22, 2017)
 
UNO vindicated
Gazi Tareq Salmon said displeased with his administrative steps, an influential quarter has orchestrated the case. Salmon had expelled Piyal alias Al-Rajeen, a student of Gournadi College and son of former AL general secretary of Agailjhara upazila, on charge of cheating at the Higher Secondary Certificate (HSC) examination. The student was also given a six-month jail term by a mobile court as he engaged in an argument with Salmon.
The mobile court also sentenced a college staffer Chandra Sarker to two months jail over the incident and stripped a college lecturer of all exam-related responsibilities. Since then the AL leaders of Agailjhara became very angry with Tareq Salmon and he believes the case against him might be linked to the incident.
There is more to it. During Salmon’s tenure in Agailjhra he had refunded Tk. 7.9 million meant for a solar – panel project, but some influential people wanted to divert the money into their own projects.  They were not happy with the decision and also have supported the case, he said. The plaintiff of this case earned wealth worth crore of takas in nine years. (The Daily Naya Diganta and The Daily Observer, dated July 23, 2017)
Incidentally, a Barisal court quashed Tk.5 crore defamation case against UNO Tareq Salmon on July 23, 2017 filed by plaintiff Obaidullah Saju. The government has also removed Deputy Commissioners (DCs) of Barisal and Barguna over the harassment of UNO Tareq Rahman.  They have been withdrawn from their posts as punishment for dereliction of duties.
 
Collaborators punished too
In addition, six policemen, including three officers were withdrawn, who were on duty in Barisal court on that day. The Cabinet Division formed a five-member committee on July 22 to probe whether the lawsuit against UNO Salmon and the subsequent events broke the law. The committee will have to file its report within 15 days. (The Daily Observer, dated July 25, 2017)
After removal of the two DCs, law ministry made proposal to withdraw judge Mohammad Ali Hossain of Barisal CMM court who dealt with Tk. 5 crore defamation case against UNO Tareq Salmon on the day and transfer him to other places. (the Daily Naya Diganta, dated July 26, 2017).
It however, seems that mere expulsion of Saju from the AL is not an adequate punishment. Legal action should be taken against Saju for filing the false case. The Anti Corruption Commission (ACC) should initiate an investigation how could Saju earn so much wealth in nine years. This could serve others as an example of not to indulge in initiating such false complaints.

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Restructuring of power distribution system needed in India
Nava Thakuria in Guwahati, India
 
Patriotic People’s Front Assam (PPFA) expresses concern over the deaths of many individuals due to electrocution in India and calls for a debate to change the standard domestic supply voltages from 240 (alternate current with 50 hertz) to 120 or even lower in volt differences.
India as a nation witnesses nearly 10,000 people killed annually because of electrocution. Accidental electrocution (including few suicidal attempts) cases are reportedly high in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Kerala, Odisha, Uttarkhand,  Assam etc.
The faulty high voltage wiring arrangement also kills dozens of animals like elephants, tigers, sloth bears, monkeys, flamingos, peacocks etc.  Not less than 350 elephants died in the country because of electrocution during the last five years. The list includes casualties of over 180 flamingos, 65 leopards, 20  tigers, 15 sloth bears, 10 lions etc in the same period.
 
Assam not lacking behind
Assam lost 979 human lives due to electrocution since 2001-02, where the highest number of electrocution casualties (88) was recorded in 2016-17. More shockingly the State witnessed 57 electrocution related deaths in the last four months (April, May, June and July 2017).  “The statistics relating to electrocution deaths remain appalling. We believe that a pragmatic action plan over the layout of high voltage live wires, its timely maintenance, adequate public awareness over the use of electrical appliances safely in the country becomes the need of the hour,” said a statement issued by the forum.
Endorsed by many qualified engineers, the statement added that the use of bamboo or other living trees to carry out the electrical wires should (must) be stopped and the Assam Power Distribution Company Ltd must replace all such temporary poles across the State with prescribed posts at the earliest.
The forum also insists on using proper fuse wires (or other protective arrangements) as a precautionary measure in all electrical systems.  Replacing thin fuse wires of low current rating with aluminum conductors (or other wires) of high current rating in low to medium voltage electrical equipments is nothing but inviting a disaster, claimed the statement.  “As the electrical wiring can create public health hazards, the authority must deal with the safety issue in right perspective. The State electricity departments should create a responsive safety department along with trained safety officers at the earliest,” pointed out the forum.
Mentioning about the future need of energy, the PPFA opined that the government should encourages more alternate sources like solar power in the country, particularly for northeastern States with hilly terrains, forest covers with visible presence of wildlife, where the laying of high voltage wires for longer distances always invites difficulties.
 
Action needed to save lives
Where it is possible, the underground laying of live wires, instead of overhead electrical distribution system, should be encouraged, it argued adding that the underground wiring system should be separated from other utility services including the sewage canals by a reasonable margin to avoid adversities.  “Finally India should debate whether  110/120 volt may be an adoptable option in place of  present 220/240 volt to reduce the fatality of the system. At least developed nations like USA, UK and even our Asian friend Japan use lower volt lines to reduce the risk factors,” stated the forum.
Otherwise, two independent live/phases (each of 110/120 volt) with one neutral wire arrangement can be adopted where the customers may opt for single phase line only to use in lighting (preferably with LED bulbs), digital screening of television, computer, mobile phones etc and low watt fans. Others, who prefer to use heavy electrical appliances, may go for multi-phase supply lines, it explained.  “We understand that it would be a major policy shift for a country like India involving a huge volume of resources with adequate preparedness.  But if India as a nation prefers to put its weight in favour of precious human lives, we must actively debate over the matter. The qualified and practicing engineers across the country should come out with pragmatic ideas for an adoptable resolution,” concluded the PPFA statement.
The statement was endorsed by Gandhian Natwar Thakkar, Dr Gopal Krishna (Citizens Forum for Civil Liberties), senior advocate Upamanyu Hazarika, eminent author-journalist-citizens Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, Monalisa Changkija, Rupam Barua, Bidhayak Das, Dr SI Ahmed, Dr Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Dr Buljit Buragohain, Dhiraj Goswami, Pramod Kalita, Anup Sarma, Ujjal Saikia, Er Tridip Sarma, Er Islamul H.  Mandal,  Er Vikramjit Kakati, Er Kushal Chandra Deka etc for PPFA.
 
The writer is a Guwahati-based journalist

Comment

Nava Thakuria in Guwahati, India
 
Patriotic People’s Front Assam (PPFA) expresses concern over the deaths of many individuals due to electrocution in India and calls for a debate to change the standard domestic supply voltages from 240 (alternate current with 50 hertz) to 120 or even lower in volt differences.
India as a nation witnesses nearly 10,000 people killed annually because of electrocution. Accidental electrocution (including few suicidal attempts) cases are reportedly high in Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Kerala, Odisha, Uttarkhand,  Assam etc.
The faulty high voltage wiring arrangement also kills dozens of animals like elephants, tigers, sloth bears, monkeys, flamingos, peacocks etc.  Not less than 350 elephants died in the country because of electrocution during the last five years. The list includes casualties of over 180 flamingos, 65 leopards, 20  tigers, 15 sloth bears, 10 lions etc in the same period.
 
Assam not lacking behind
Assam lost 979 human lives due to electrocution since 2001-02, where the highest number of electrocution casualties (88) was recorded in 2016-17. More shockingly the State witnessed 57 electrocution related deaths in the last four months (April, May, June and July 2017).  “The statistics relating to electrocution deaths remain appalling. We believe that a pragmatic action plan over the layout of high voltage live wires, its timely maintenance, adequate public awareness over the use of electrical appliances safely in the country becomes the need of the hour,” said a statement issued by the forum.
Endorsed by many qualified engineers, the statement added that the use of bamboo or other living trees to carry out the electrical wires should (must) be stopped and the Assam Power Distribution Company Ltd must replace all such temporary poles across the State with prescribed posts at the earliest.
The forum also insists on using proper fuse wires (or other protective arrangements) as a precautionary measure in all electrical systems.  Replacing thin fuse wires of low current rating with aluminum conductors (or other wires) of high current rating in low to medium voltage electrical equipments is nothing but inviting a disaster, claimed the statement.  “As the electrical wiring can create public health hazards, the authority must deal with the safety issue in right perspective. The State electricity departments should create a responsive safety department along with trained safety officers at the earliest,” pointed out the forum.
Mentioning about the future need of energy, the PPFA opined that the government should encourages more alternate sources like solar power in the country, particularly for northeastern States with hilly terrains, forest covers with visible presence of wildlife, where the laying of high voltage wires for longer distances always invites difficulties.
 
Action needed to save lives
Where it is possible, the underground laying of live wires, instead of overhead electrical distribution system, should be encouraged, it argued adding that the underground wiring system should be separated from other utility services including the sewage canals by a reasonable margin to avoid adversities.  “Finally India should debate whether  110/120 volt may be an adoptable option in place of  present 220/240 volt to reduce the fatality of the system. At least developed nations like USA, UK and even our Asian friend Japan use lower volt lines to reduce the risk factors,” stated the forum.
Otherwise, two independent live/phases (each of 110/120 volt) with one neutral wire arrangement can be adopted where the customers may opt for single phase line only to use in lighting (preferably with LED bulbs), digital screening of television, computer, mobile phones etc and low watt fans. Others, who prefer to use heavy electrical appliances, may go for multi-phase supply lines, it explained.  “We understand that it would be a major policy shift for a country like India involving a huge volume of resources with adequate preparedness.  But if India as a nation prefers to put its weight in favour of precious human lives, we must actively debate over the matter. The qualified and practicing engineers across the country should come out with pragmatic ideas for an adoptable resolution,” concluded the PPFA statement.
The statement was endorsed by Gandhian Natwar Thakkar, Dr Gopal Krishna (Citizens Forum for Civil Liberties), senior advocate Upamanyu Hazarika, eminent author-journalist-citizens Paranjoy Guha Thakurta, Monalisa Changkija, Rupam Barua, Bidhayak Das, Dr SI Ahmed, Dr Jagadindra Raichoudhury, Dr Buljit Buragohain, Dhiraj Goswami, Pramod Kalita, Anup Sarma, Ujjal Saikia, Er Tridip Sarma, Er Islamul H.  Mandal,  Er Vikramjit Kakati, Er Kushal Chandra Deka etc for PPFA.
 
The writer is a Guwahati-based journalist

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Future role of battery to power shipping

Engr. S. A. Mansoor
 
From May this year (2017) the first battery powered vehicle ferry has been operating in Norwegian waters. For the passenger motor cars and goods carrying trucks plying on the extensive coastal areas of Norway.
The battery powered ferry was first built by a Norwegian shipyard and since then, a number of ferry vessels has been taken up for building and as of date there are 33 hybrid vessels (mostly battery powered) are now plying. It is expected that by the year 2020, the numbers of battery operated water vessels could well be over a hundred.
One concept is to utilize recycled steam vapour to charge batteries that can supply power to the many operating systems in sea going vessels. The technology, including advanced waste heat recovery systems can be used for charging storage batteries that can provide the power for operating auxiliary equipment as and when needed while the ship takes breaths.
The new development is to have ferries with on-board batteries that uses shore side power source to charge ferry batteries and not using conventional power for auxiliary functions too. It is believed that that the use of batteries for powering ferry’s main drive, is quite possibly related to the recent development of lithium-ion batteries. The battery energy density is quite high now, which ten years back was not so; thanks to recent advances in battery technology.
Traditionally, battery was used when you need less power, while normally main or peak power was from a conventional diesel engine. But now the picture has changed; vessels are using main batteries for providing full power to give higher speeds. While vessels are berthing or at port side, conventional power is used for normal operation of loading or unloading. All these are is fairly recent developments and with more use of battery power with further technological advancement, we will see more development.
The write-up is based on fairly new ideas and developments, published in a recent issue of the “Seatrade Maritime News”. The onshore practice of topping liquid fuel tanks at ports from oil pipelines could well be a thing of the past possibly within a decade or so.
 
The writer is an engineer with decades of experiences both in the public and private sector industries

Comment

Engr. S. A. Mansoor
 
From May this year (2017) the first battery powered vehicle ferry has been operating in Norwegian waters. For the passenger motor cars and goods carrying trucks plying on the extensive coastal areas of Norway.
The battery powered ferry was first built by a Norwegian shipyard and since then, a number of ferry vessels has been taken up for building and as of date there are 33 hybrid vessels (mostly battery powered) are now plying. It is expected that by the year 2020, the numbers of battery operated water vessels could well be over a hundred.
One concept is to utilize recycled steam vapour to charge batteries that can supply power to the many operating systems in sea going vessels. The technology, including advanced waste heat recovery systems can be used for charging storage batteries that can provide the power for operating auxiliary equipment as and when needed while the ship takes breaths.
The new development is to have ferries with on-board batteries that uses shore side power source to charge ferry batteries and not using conventional power for auxiliary functions too. It is believed that that the use of batteries for powering ferry’s main drive, is quite possibly related to the recent development of lithium-ion batteries. The battery energy density is quite high now, which ten years back was not so; thanks to recent advances in battery technology.
Traditionally, battery was used when you need less power, while normally main or peak power was from a conventional diesel engine. But now the picture has changed; vessels are using main batteries for providing full power to give higher speeds. While vessels are berthing or at port side, conventional power is used for normal operation of loading or unloading. All these are is fairly recent developments and with more use of battery power with further technological advancement, we will see more development.
The write-up is based on fairly new ideas and developments, published in a recent issue of the “Seatrade Maritime News”. The onshore practice of topping liquid fuel tanks at ports from oil pipelines could well be a thing of the past possibly within a decade or so.
 
The writer is an engineer with decades of experiences both in the public and private sector industries

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